How Many Squares On A Chessboard?

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You might often be playing chess on a chessboard. And while playing, a question may have come to your mind. How many squares are there on a chessboard?

In total, there are 64 squares on a standard 8×8 chessboard. However, considering each square of different sizes on a chessboard, instead of just the individual square units, then the answer to that question will be 204 squares in all.

Keep reading because I will be explaining to you all the necessary things that you need to know regarding this topic. So let’s begin!

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Why Are There 204 Squares On A Chessboard?

A standard chess board is 8×8 and thus forming the 64 squares. However, whenever we count each square of different sizes such as 8×8, 7×7, 6×6, 5×5, 4×4, 3×3, 2×2, 1×1, we get different possibilities. When all those possible squares are added, we get the final square number on a chessboard as 204.

Here’s a table showing the square size and number of possible squares on a chessboard based on that size:

Square Size:Number of Squares:

Here’s a video about how many squares are in a chessboard. I highly recommend you to have a look at it to understand the concept more easily.

(Video Source)

Why Are There 64 Squares On A Chessboard?

An 8×8 chessboard with a total of 64 squares is the ideal number for playing chess. A chessboard larger than this such as a 10×10 chess board would be much more tiresome. Whereas, a chessboard smaller than this such as a 6×6 chess board would be too quick for playing chess.

Firstly, as the number of pieces in chess (excluding the pawns and because we keep it on the second row) is 8 so it made quite sense to have a board having a breadth of 8 squares.

Also, we wanted a square board so the length also had to be 8 squares. Thus, we got an 8 by 8 chessboard which means we got a chessboard having 64 squares in all.


The second logical reason is somewhat similar to what I discussed with you earlier. The number of 64 squares is a sweet spot that doesn’t make the game too boring and also doesn’t make it too short.

The bigger the chessboard, the higher would be possibilities of making the move. Already the game of chess is quite complex.

To know about how many chess games are possible I highly encourage you to check out my article about it here.

Yes, I know it is easy to learn the basics of chess but at the same time, it is hard to master. People spend a long time becoming chess master.

But actually, this quality of being such easy to learn but also being more and more complex as you dive in deeper, is what makes chess so fun and exciting!

History Of Chessboards & Its Transformation From Time To Time

In the earliest form of chess, ‘Chaturanga’, the board used, was from another ancient game ‘Asthapada’.

As per Wikipedia, the board was monochromatic and divided into eight columns by eight rows.

After that when chess reached Ancient Persia, new variants of the chessboard came into existence. More rows and columns were added.

For example, in one of the variants called Tamerlane chess, the chessboard had eleven columns by ten rows and two extra squares to the right side of the second row of the player.

Later on, chess reached Europe. Here the chessboard acquired the checkered pattern.

In a book from that time called ‘Libro de los juegos’ (Book of games), there is a description of the chessboard. In that, it is said that an eight-by-eight chess board is the ideal number.

Also Read: Who Invented Chess?

After that as time went several new varieties of chess boards came. Even three-dimensional chess boards have been made in which the third dimension is actually another two-dimensional chessboard.

But the 8 by 8 chessboard having 64 squares became the standard chessboard, it is what we see today.


In short, a chessboard has 64 squares in all. But if we consider each square of different sizes then there are 204 squares on a chessboard.

Finally, it can be said that the chessboard has 64 squares because it is perfect for playing and enjoying the game.

So, I hope you liked reading this article as much as I liked sharing all the information with you. If you found this interesting then please do share this article with others. Thanks!

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