Landing squares in chess means the squares on which chess pieces land. In chess while making any move you pick up the chess piece and then put it in a particular square according to its nature. These squares are known as landing squares.
There are total 64 squares in a chess board. These squares are of alternate colours. Remember that the shape of the chessboard is square and not rectangle. There are total 8 squares in one row and total 8 rows are there. So, in total there are 64 squares.
The rows in chess board are called as ranks. The columns are called as files. Trick to remember this is, first letter of row and rank is r. So you can remember that way.
Each square has a designated name assigned to it. Each column that is file, from left to write are named alphabetically starting from a to h.
While from bottom to top the rows or say rank, named numerically from 1 to 8. You can see the above image to have more clarification about this thing.
This was a basic information about squares in chessboard. Now let’s see how each chess pieces move and what are their corresponding landing squares.
Landing squares of Pawn
Pawn is the smallest size chess piece. There are total 8 pawn for each player in chess. These pawns are placed on second row of each side of the chess board.
- A pawn can move one square on each turn.
- On its first turn it can move two squares at a time.
- It kills diagonally on adjacent square.
- So the squares where you put the pawn on its turn is known as its landing squares.
Moreover pawn are least powerful but they have two very unique properties. one is en passant and another is pawn promotion. I have already written in detail about both these topics. You can check them out for information.
Landing squares of Rook
There are total two rooks for each chess player in chess. Rook is very powerful piece. It is considered the second most powerful chess piece. Rooks are placed one the corner squares of the chessboard.
- A rook can move both in horizontal and vertical direction.
- The squares on which you land your rook on its turn are known as landing squares for rook.
- There is also a special move associated with it which is known as castling in chess
- In castling the king moves two squares either left or right and accordingly that side rook moves beside the king.
- There are actually two types of castling, kingside and queenside castling.
Tip 🙂 – I already wrote an article: Is Kingside castling better than Queenside castling? on which I explained the both in detail along with comparison. you can check that out.
Landing squares of Knight
Knight or horse whatever you say are one of the most interesting chess piece because of their move. There are total two knights for each player. These knights placed just by the side of rooks.
- Knights move in L shape you can refer the image.
- The squares on they land are known as landing squares for them.
- These gives very unique property to them.
- Knights can jump over the chess pieces.
Landing squares of Bishop
Bishops or elephant whatever you call them. They are two for each player and placed by the side of knights.
- Bishops move diagonally and they can’t change the square colour.
- In fact there are two bishops on each side out of which one can move only on black squares.
- While other can move only on dark squares.
Therefore you need to use them wisely.
Landing squares of Queen
Queen or mantri is the most powerful chess piece. It can move on any squares. The only thing it can’t do is jump like knights. These quality separates knights from other chess pieces.
- The queen can move horizontally, vertically as well as diagonally.
- The squares on which you land your queen is known as its landing squares.
- the queen is also known as the major piece of chess.
Landing squares of King
At last discussing about king. You might be thinking on what basis i am telling which chess piece is powerful and how much, right?
There is a system in chess in which chess pieces are assigned some value according to the squares they can move and land. That is their flexibility.
FYI, as per that system queen is the most powerful chess piece, then rook, knight and bishop same value and then pawn.
In that king is not assigned any value. Simply because losing the king is end of the game. so king is basically a priceless piece. Now coming to kings landing squares and movement
- A king can be compared with queen but restricted to move only square.
- Therefore a king can land on any square surrounding it.
- Although the limit is one square.
Okay! So this were basics that you must know before playing chess. now the next thing that you might across is about controlling squares and weak squares in chess. so coming to the ext question.
What is meant by controlling squares in chess?
Controlling squares mean the squares on which are under control of your chess pieces. that means if opponent’s chess piece will land on that square then you can kill it easily.
In chess, it is generally suggested to take the control of the centre squares right from the beginning. controlling the centre squares gives you an edge in the opening of game.
Tip 🙂 – Want t know more about the importance of controlling the centre squares in chess? Then check out my detailed article on: Why is controlling the centre squares important in chess?
What is a weak square in chess?
A square which is in control of your opponent and you have very less chance of gaining its control again are known as weak squares.
Actually many beginners understand what are weak pieces but they confuse thinking about what are weak squares. This article on chess dot com gives more information about this topic.
What is a key square in chess?
As per Wikipedia, a key square means the square on which if the king gains control, then it can force some gain by either capture of a pawn or by pawn promotion.
Key squares are also known as critical squares in chess. They are very crucial especially in the endgames. For further reference you can visit the wikipedia article.
So that’s it! Hope you enjoyed reading this article. Hope this help! Now let’s wrap up everything we discussed so far.
- Landing squares means squares on which chess pieces land on their move.
- Controlling squares means squares which are under control of the chess pieces.
- Weak squares means squares which you have very less probability of gaining it again.
- Key squares also means critical squares which are very important during endgames.
- We also studied Landing squares of all the chess pieces of the board along with some basics about chess boards and square.
So thanks for reading till the end. Thanks and have a nice day!
Tip 🙂 – Wait! Do you struggle to understand: What is stalemate and what is difference between checkmate and stalemate? Then check out my article on the same. This will clear all your doubts.
Hi! I’m Pritam and I’m a huge chess enthusiast! I know the actual problems that chess players face. I created this site to make chess easy to understand for newcomers, and also to help players of all levels of ability to improve their chess playing skills. Read more about me here.