Chess Vs Go: 11 Differences You Should Know!

I was thinking about the difference between chess and go. Hence, I did some research and in this article, I will be sharing with you whatever I learned. So continue reading till the end to know about the difference between chess and go and some related topics.

Difference Between Chess And Go

Chess:Go:
1. Smaller board1. Larger board
2. Fewer pieces2. Many pieces
3. The objective is to checkmate the king3. The objective is to take over the most territory
4. Pieces have specific roles4. Pieces have no roles, only two different colors, one for each player
5. Time constraint on moves5. Time can be taken to strategize the next move
6. Can end in a draw6. Cannot end in a draw
7. Complex rules7. Easier to learn
8. Balance of material and positions8. Balance, in general, is very important
9. Handicaps are uncommon9. Handicaps are common
10. The game ends when the king is checkmated.10. The game ends anytime, the score is tallied and the winner is named
11. Pieces move on squares11. Stones are placed on the grid on the board

Chess vs. Go: Popularity

Chess is more popular in the west than Go. In North America and the UK you will more likely hear about Chess than Go, however, Go is more popular internationally. It’s harder to find someone in the far eastern countries who know of Chess as a game over Go. 

Go is a much simpler game to learn but Chess is more commonly learned by children in the western part of the world such as Europe and the Americas. Go is the most popular in Asian countries such as Korea, Japan, and China. Chess is the most popular in Iceland and Monaco.

Chess has become more popular in the west due to its use in the media. There are movies, television shows, and even musicals that include the game in some form. Go is mainly shown in East Asian media where the game would be more familiar to the demographic the media is shown to. Chess is more “mainstream” as it were.

Also Read: Chess Vs Shogi

Chess Vs Go: Which Is Harder?

Go is a more complex game but Chess is still the harder game to play. Chess has fewer pieces all with their own roles (king, queen, rook, bishop, knight, pawn). Those roles need to be learned and understood in order to play at all. 

Once you learn all of the pieces and their roles in the game, the strategies with each role are specific to each piece. All of the pieces could protect one another and defend against attacks. In Chess, all the pieces can move in certain amounts and directions depending on the piece. 

In Go, all you do is place a stone, and that’s your move. The complexity is the strategy you take to place your stones in positions that will build your side of the board that you’re trying to occupy. The stones do not move once they are placed, all you can do is add more stones. 

Go also implements a handicap system that is not in place in Chess. Go is more forgiving to weaker players with this handicap because it equals the playing field. This makes it easier for weaker players to learn the game without being overcome by stronger players. 

Chess is harder in this regard because it is less forgiving on weaker players. They are unmatched unfairly if they play against stronger players. In these cases, it is more effective to play against players of your strength level. 

Also Read: Is Chess Difficult To Learn?

Why Is Go Harder Than Chess For Computers?

Go is harder for computers to play than Chess because there is a vast amount of possible moves, way more than in Chess. When you begin a game of Chess, there are upwards of 20 possible moves while Go begins with over 362. 

Since there are so many possible moves, it’s harder for a computer to map out the best one based on logic and statistics. That’s the main reason why it was harder for a computer to learn Go and go on to beat one of the best Go players in the world Lee Sedol back in 2016. 

The method used in AI when using a computer to beat the best Chess player in the world, Garry Kasparov, in 1996 was brute-force AI. This is when the computer program would map out a series of possible game states in a decision tree, so with Go, there are simply too many possible game states to sift through. 

Also Read: How Many Chess Games Are Possible?

When Go players are asked how they decided on a move, most will probably say that it just felt right in the moment. That is a sentiment that a computer will have trouble emulating, therefore they had to develop a computer AI that could predict the next human move about 57% of the time.

Is Chess Or Go Better For Your Brain?

Chess exercises the brain differently than Go because it uses more problem-solving strategies, therefore making Chess better for your brain. Brain scans of Chess and Go players revealed that Go players and Chess players use different sides of the brain. Go uses the right while Chess uses the left.

Go players use the right half of their brain to help them with positioning and orientation while playing the game. A Chess player on the other hand uses the left side of their brain which deals more with problem-solving. Go relies more on instinct than practical problem-solving. 

Both games stimulate the brain in different ways, but neither has much to do with intelligence. However, Chess has been known to raise your IQ. This proves that playing chess can stimulate your brain enough for it to become more attentive to things in normal life as well as in activities.

Is Go Older Than Chess?

Yes, Go is one of the oldest games in the modern world and is more than 4,000 years old. Go is believed to have been invented in Ancient China, though its exact origins are not fully known. Over the years and centuries, it spread to Korea and Japan going by different names in each country. The name of the game, “Go” comes from Japan.

It is believed to have been developed by Emperor Yao to help enlighten his son to the practice of concentration, balance, and discipline. This is according to legend and not an exact historical fact. 

It began to rise in popularity around Japan along with the class of the samurai in the Heian period of 794–1185. The modern iteration of Go that we know today ramed up when it was given special status and schools were opened for the public to learn more about this popular game.

Chess is significantly younger. It was invented in India, but it’s also believed by some to come from China as well (again unknown). In India, it was developed in the Gupta Empire of the 6th century. 

The earliest form of the game from India had the name chaturanga and had the four divisions of the military of that time: cavalry, infantry, chariotry, and elephantry. These became the rook, knight, pawn, and bishop as we know them today.

Recommended Read: Who Invented Chess?

Both of these games eventually made their way around the world and shaped board gaming culture into what it is today. Professional chess and Go tournaments, as well as humans programming, AI to beat their best players. 

Conclusion

Chess and Go are vastly different games but they are also very similar in many ways. In regards to their rules, setup, and strategy, they couldn’t be more different. Chess has two colors on a board just as Go does but the pieces have roles and certain distances they can travel while Go has stationary stones that once placed cannot be moved again.

Go uses the human instinct for making the next move while Chess uses problem-solving to decide. This means that Chess is better for your brain by flexing its muscles to keep developing new ways of problem-solving etc. 

Chess and Go have something in common with their origins; not everyone is sure exactly where the two games come from, but there is some evidence that Go originated in China and Chess in India, but it might also have come from China as well.

Go is the older game with Chess being developed much later in history. Both found their way to becoming popular in their respective regions as well as around the world. 

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